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Articles of the Week: 6/25/2012
“There are currently between 3,000 and 4,000 SAPS members that are receiving debriefing consultations via the Employee Health and Wellness Services within SAPS,” he said.
He said he had requested the newly appointed national police commissioner, General Riah Phiyega, to boost the counselling programme.
“We further urge the management of police to ensure that there are regular debriefing sessions for all members of SAPS. The advantages of such sessions will ensure that members with underlying psychological problems are identified sooner. They will be referred to a psychiatrist much quicker.”
(2012 - British Columbia, Canada)
LifeNet Volume 23 Issue 2 Now Available
The second issue of the 2012 series of LifeNet, the ICISF newsletter, is now available to members here on the ICISF website.
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Articles of the Week: 6/18/2012
If we carry stress especially after a critical incident the stress can ... PROFESSIONALCOUNSELING – delivering mental health care to .... admin. January 15th, 2012 at 11:57 am. Hi Danny,. Thanks for the great resources!
Article of the Week: 6/11/12
…. said it can be necessary for companies to offer multiple group counseling sessions or "debriefings" for employees that allow them to discuss trauma and process their emotions.
Experts say employers that hold debriefings should make sure that such discussions are helping employees rather than harming them.
"If debriefing sessions turn into complaints about the company, it really fosters a lot of negativity,
Supnick said companies should try to schedule debriefing sessions when employees seem ready to discuss the situation, rather than forcing workers to talk immediately after workplace violence.
Interventions for the Prevention of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Disorder in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma(06/06/12)
Psychological Debriefing, Critical Incident Stress Debriefing, and Critical Incident Stress Management. Psychological debriefing interventions aim to educate ...
Specific psychological interventions that have been studied for the prevention of adult PTSD are described below and include the following: psychological debriefing interventions, including critical incident stress debriefing (CISD) and critical incident stress management (CISM);……
Articles of the Week: 6/04/12
This research identifies important themes in critical incident stress management from a social work perspective. Fifteen social workers responded to an advertisement in the national professional newsletter asking about social workers' recent experiences of critical incident stress debriefing (CISD) as an intervention. Their preferred models of critical incident stress management (CISM) were then discussed. Thirteen participants were interviewed, ten of whom had the dual experience as a debriefer and as a social worker who had been debriefed following a “critical event.” Those who had dual experience of facilitating debriefings and being debriefed, commented from both sets of experience. There was overwhelming support for Mitchell's model of CISM. The social workers interviewed thought Mitchell's seven staged model of CISD as an intervention needed to be offered within an integrated CISM policy that could be adapted to the specific field of social work in which the participant was working. Strengths-based principles were considered important to build into a CISM policy with debriefing being an option rather than a compulsory organizational support. The role of individual ongoing clinical supervision was seen as an essential part of an integrated CISM policy complementing the provision of CISD through an ongoing relationship.
As we all know, the IMO Marine Shipping Circular 1334 requires the Master to conduct a Psychological Trauma Debriefing. For those of you, who have missed this important guideline the exact wording, is as follows:
Post Incident Follow Up; the ship-owner should be aware that the seafarer may suffer from trauma or similar condition after being victimized under an attack from pirates or armed robbers. An important first step in reducing the risk from trauma is for masters to debrief crew immediately after the attack or release of a vessel in order to get crew to confront their experiences.
Conducting a good and robust debriefing requires not only skills, but specific and essential training. Therefore it seems unrealistic just to expect that all Master, owners, SSO and CSO are capable to arrange and conduct a psychological debriefing. There are many aspects in obtaining the correct debriefing technique and worst case would be the contrary outcome, which could damage more and definitely not support the individual seafarer, who is in need for a mind-clarification after having been subject to a piracy attack – or more realistically a serious accident.
There is much more to a psychological debriefing than just recapping a series of events. Letting steam out, building a common picture and applying psychological support to the crew-members are just some of the essential elements and the most optimal debriefing consist of 6 structured phases, which should be known to each de-briefer. These phases are; Introduction, facts, thoughts, emotional, support and termination.
However, looking at the maritime industry it is difficult to find training or courses, where debriefing techniques are included.
The benefit of Psychological Debriefing Technique training is also visible in any severe post-accident case.